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What is the 13th Enumeration?

Chapter-1If you’ve ever wondered about why I chose to name this site the 13th Enumeration – Where History and Bible Meet, today you’ll learn part of the amazing Biblical history behind The 13th Enumeration. Our adventure takes us back nearly 2000 years to a tax collector who penned a Biblical lineage of 41 names, an enigma which has become one of the most disputed texts of the New Testament.

“It is the glory of God to conceal a thing: but the honour of kings is to search out a matter.
Proverbs 25:2

Even a quick perusal of the biblical record will show you that our Creator, YHWH, doesn’t always do things in a way mankind expects. In fact, when we’re dealing with God, it’s prudent to expect the unexpected. Whether because of our shortsightedness, His sense of humor, or something else, humans have been misunderstanding YHWH’s actions and words since the very beginning.

The examples are almost too numerous to recount: He promised us a Savior. We expected a conquering hero on a white horse; instead He sent us a humble carpenter on a donkey. To meet a giant, He sent a shepherd boy with a stone and a sling. To protect His people from the wrath of Persia, He prepared a young Jewish maiden. To give the city of Nineveh a second chance, He sent a giant fish. We could go on and tell of a young Hebrew man sold into slavery who became the second most powerful ruler in Egypt, or of a harlot who would be the grandmother of a future king. The bottom line is that YHWH often does things that do not make sense based upon our human experience and expectations.

 An Unexpected Argument
The first chapter of the first book of the New Testament is no exception. I mean, come on—this is the place you’d expect to find rock-solid, ironclad proof that Yeshua (Jesus) is the Messiah promised in the Hebrew Scriptures. Chapter 1 of the gospel of Matthew is like the opening argument in the most important legal case in the history of the world. Mess up here, and the repercussions will have untold consequences. Continue reading

Reversing Hermon in Matthew 1

Regular readers of my blog are aware of the inspired genius Matthew concealed in the lineage of Yeshua when he wrote that intriguing list of names.  As I’ve explained over the years, that list of 41 names is an important key to understanding the significance of the Bible’s messianic symbolism as it relates to the Old Testament’s sacrificial system, the Bible’s lunar/solar calendar, Daniel 9, and YHWH’s redemptive plan for mankind. As I’ve briefly discussed in several blog posts, that list also has a larger context related to Old Testament chronology, the Shemitah, and the jubilee cycles.

This past week I was thrilled to learn that Dr. Michael Heiser’s new book Reversing Hermon: Enoch, the Watchers & the Forgotten Mission of Jesus Christ also showcases the messianic significance of Matthew 1 in a thrilling new way. I’ll get to Dr. Heiser’s information in a moment, but let me say right up front I was skeptical when I started reading his book.

I know Enoch, fallen angels, and their gigantic offspring are popular topics in some prophecy circles right now, but I’ve been hesitant to write about the subject because the sensationalism often takes away from the true spirit of prophecy, that is YHWH’s redemptive plan through Yeshua. What I found different and encouraging about Dr. Heiser’s book is that he kept the focus of the Genesis 6 events within the context of YHWH’s redemptive plan for mankind, or as he calls it “The forgotten Mission of Jesus Christ”. I don’t agree with all of Dr. Heiser’s conclusions or theories, but his information about the lineage of Yeshua and the story of the fallen angels brings a fascinating new angle of exploration to Matthew’s important lineage of Yeshua.

In today’s blog post we’re only going to look at some of the information found in Chapter 5 of Dr. Heiser’s book as it relates to Matthew’s lineage of Yeshua. If you’d like to know more about Dr. Heiser’s book; I’ve written a review of his book and posted it to Amazon. You’ll find this review on his Amazon book page under the title Reversing Hermon in Matthew 1.

Let’s start our exploration of the subject by reading Dr. Heiser’s opening comments in Chapter 5 of his book Reversing Hermon. The title of the chapter is The Sin of the Watchers and The Genealogy of Jesus. Readers of this blog will really appreciate his words:

“Admit it. You think genealogies are boring. While I wouldn’t claim that all biblical genealogies are filled with theological insights, I can promise you that the genealogy of Jesus is different. As we’ll see, it has some amazing features that link it with the expectation of a messianic reversal of the sin of the Watchers. But you have to know what you’re looking at. By the time you’re finished with this chapter you will.

The Scholarship on the sin of the Watchers and the genealogy of Jesus is recent. 131 The connection between these two seemingly disparate topics is related to a question that has confounded interpreters ever since the Gospel of Matthew was written: Why are there four women, possible all Gentiles, in the bloodline of Jesus?

While inclusion of women in biblical genealogies isn’t unusual in itself (there are fourteen such women listed in 1 Chronicles 2, for example), the incusion of these four women is all the more odd when one realizes that “the great Jewish female figures are missing: Sarah, Rebekah, Rachel.” One would think that if Matthew thought it important to include women, these women would be more logical candidates. But they aren’t – because of what Matthew wants to telegraph about the Person whose genealogy he is presenting.”

Building on the work of New Testament scholar Amy Richter in her book Enoch and the Gospel of Matthew, Dr. Heiser explores the idea that Matthew included these women so that his 2nd temple era Jewish readers would make a connection between the “illicit arts” with which the fallen angels corrupted mankind and the promised Messiah Yeshua who would rectify or reverse the damaged caused by those events.  Dr. Heiser summarizes his thesis this way:

“We began this chapter with the thesis, drawn largely from the work of Richter, that Matthew was familiar with the sin of the Watchers (the “Enochic templage”). The Watchers were blamed for sexual transgression and corrupting humanity with forbidden knowledge. All four women in the genealogy of Jesus are connected in some way with sexual transgression, seduction, and warfare. The connections are both thematic and textual. This can hardly be a coincidence. The effect of their inclusion in the genealogy is to direct readers’ attention to the One to whom the genealogy belongs: the son of Abraham, son of David, from the the tribe of Judah, born as the result of a divine-human interaction approved by God for the purpose of repairing the consequences of the proliferation of sin among humankind, a proliferation laid at the feet of the Watchers.”

To be honest, at first, Dr. Heiser’s theory seemed a little far fetched to me. But the more I thought about it, the more intrigued I became. As we explored in Book I in my Prophecy & Pattern series – The 13th Enumeration: Key to the Bible’s Messianic Symbolism, Matthew left out four Old Testament kings in Yeshua’s lineage in order to draw his readers attention to the Messianic redemptive symbolism of the Old Testament scriptures.


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Remember this omission by Matthew had the effect of making Yeshua both the 13th and 14th generation in the 3rd generational grouping.  That this was intentional is illustrated by the location where Matthew left out those four Old Testament kings. Matthew left out three kings between the 6th & 7th generation and one king between the 13th and 14th generation. The Jewish reader would have likely realized that his omission was intended to draw their intention to the Bible’s religious calendar because 6 & 7 is the dominate internal cycle of the solar side of calendar and 13 & 14 the dominate internal cycle of lunar side of the calendar. (The  visible light of the moon waxes for 13 or 14 days each month and then wanes for the same.)

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This sacrificial redemptive theme is further strengthen by the fact that each of the 7 annual Biblical holy days have 13 or 14 sacrifices associated with them in some way. The Feast of Tabernacles being especially illustrative of this fact.

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This brings us back to Dr. Heiser’s thesis. I realized that if the four men left out of the list had significance to the redemptive message Matthew was trying to communicate to his Jewish readers, then it could be possible, frankly likely, that the four women added to the list had a similar significance.

Here is where it gets really fascinating. As I’ve demonstrated in a recent blog post: 41 Generations to the Messiah, a reasonable chronological case can be made that Yeshua was born in the 41st jubilee cycle from Abraham. Thus Matthew’s list of 41 generations has a larger chronological context which associates those 41 generations with 41 jubilee cycles in actual chronology. Further, the Old Testament chronology based upon the MT text of the Scripture shows us that Abraham was born in the 2008th year from Adam, thus placing Abraham’s birth in the 41st jubilee cycle from Adam. It is also worth noting that today you and I are living in the 41st jubilee cycle from Yeshua’s birth. The following chart gives an overview of this jubilee chronology:

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So theoretically at least, we might venture the possibility that those three 14 generational groupings might also have a larger application and be representative of three 41 jubilee cycle epics of actual recorded Biblical history. With this theory in mind I decided to test Dr. Heiser’s thesis that the women added to the lineage of Yeshua might have additional significance.

Please note that the kings Matthew left out of Yeshua’s lineage were all in the 2nd generational grouping of 14. All the women added to the list are found in the first generational grouping of 14. This placement of the women then associates them with the 41 jubilee cycles between Adam and Abraham, the very period of Biblical history when the events of Enoch, the fallen angels and the flood took place. A good start but there is more.

If each of the 14 generations in the first generational grouping are divided into 41 jubilee cycles then each of those generations listed would be equal to 2.92857 jubilee cycles.  Now since the women do not actually have a place in the lineage of Yeshua their influence on the lineage would have been felt through their descendants.

  • Tamar was the mother of Phares
  • Rachab was the mother of Boaz
  • Ruth the mother of Obed
  • Bathsheba the mother of Solomon

In the following charts you’ll find Phares, Boaz, Obed, and Solomon listed relative to the corresponding jubilee cycles which they represent in Old Testament chronology. As you can see Phares, as the 5th generation from Abraham, corresponds to the period of time when Enoch was taken to heaven. Boaz corresponds to the time of Jared during whose life the book of Enoch claims the fallen angels make their diabolical agreement on mount Hermon to defile the women of earth. Obed corresponds to the birth of Shem and the judgement of the Flood which was meant to cleans the earth of its angelic blight. Finally, Solomon corresponds to the time of Abraham, the birth of Isaac, and the covenants YHWH made with him concerning the promised “seed” who would reconcile mankind to YHWH.

Remember we learned in Book II – Daniel’s 70 Weeks: The Keystone of Bible Prophecy that this was the period of time when YHWH swore (Shaba) with Abraham, the first covenant made with any man in the Bible. That Shaba, or oath of sevens, if you will was a promise of the coming Messiah which Moses mentions in Deutoronomy 7:9, Daniel mentions in Daniel 9:4, Zacharias the father of John mentions in Luke 1, and Paul explains in several places in the New Testament.

In the following two charts I’ve tried to visually represent the lineage of Yeshua and its proposed relationship to the jubilee cycles from Adam. As you can see there is indeed compelling evidence to support Amy Richter’s and Dr. Heiser’s thesis that Matthew added the women to Yeshua’s genealogy in order to draw our attention to the events surrounding the translation of Enoch, the sin of the angelic host, the flood of Noah, and the promised Messiah whose mission included “Reversing Hermon”.

(You’ll have to enlarge the first chart. The second chart looks at the information in slightly different way with the precise dates of the jubilee cycles relative to the generations of Matthew 1.)

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Click on Image to Enlarge

Fascinating, isn’t it? By adding those four women to Yeshua’s lineage, Matthew was clearly pointing his reader to the events of Genesis 6 and Satan’s plan to corrupt the “seed” or lineage of the Messiah. By juxtaposing Solomon (the illicit son of the last women included in Matthew 1) with Abraham, Isaac, and the covenants of the promised “seed”. It appears to me that the inclusion of these women was less about their sexual sins (as a reminder of the sexual transgressions of the angels as proposed by Heiser and Richter) and more about the continuity of YHWH’s redemptive plan through the messianic “seed”  who was sent to restore mankind to their intended state.

I believe a comparison of the Yeshua’s lineage as found in the gospel of Matthew and Luke adds another line of exploration related to this subject.

Notice in the chart on the right that if you take the lineage of Yeshua as given in Matthew 1 and you add back the four missing kings, and then add all the Old Testament generations from Abraham to YHWH you end up with 66 names. This was the lineage of the Messiah in which the sordid nature of Yeshua’s lineage is emphasized. This is the lineage of Joseph the legal father of Yeshua and it is marked by sin.

On the other hand, the lineage of Yeshua based in Luke 1 is composed of 77 names  and does not emphasize the lacking nature of the Messiah’s lineage as found in Matthew 1. This lineage is through Nathan the legitimate son of David and it details the lineage of the Messiah through Mary the daughter of Heli.

For more in this subject you might appreciate my articles: The Daughter of Heli & Zerubbabel and the Promise

In closing no matter what you believe about Genesis 6, Enoch, and the fallen angels, it is apparent that YHWH has a redemptive plan for mankind through the promised “seed” of Yeshua. It is a plan that He has nurtured and directed despite the failings of mankind and the evil machinations of the fallen angelic host.

It is equally apparent that no place in the Biblical record is that redemptive plan more masterfully displayed than in Matthew’s elegantly arranged list of 41 names whose composition and symbolism transcends the ingenuity of mankind.

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To learn more about the subjects discussed in this blog post you might appreciate my books in the Prophecies & Patterns series. As always blog subscribers can download my books for free. Rest assured I won’t spam you with endless requests nor will I share your email. Every week or two I’ll share with you my love of Biblical history, Bible prophecy, and how they related to YHWH’s redemptive plan for mankind.

I hope you’ll join the adventure!







Anti-Semitism, Ancient Persia, & April Fools

Next week the Jewish holiday of Purim is celebrated and then about a week later the Persian holiday of Nowruz. In this week’s blog post I’ll share with you the intriguing Biblical history which links these two ancient holidays to a period of time nearly 2500 years ago when an evil man set out to destroy the Jewish people.

This story begins with an April fool named Haman. I’ll get to the April fool part a bit later, but in any case Haman was a man of great influence during the reign of a Persian king Artaxerxes. But Haman had a problem. He hated Jews. Now hate is a self-destructive problem for anyone, but when that hate is directed at a particular group of people that YHWH, the living God of the Bible, made an eternal covenant with, then that hate is sure to be the undoing of its bearer.

Haman’s story, at least for the purpose of this article begins in the Persian New Year during the celebration of Nowruz. Nowruz, literally “new light” is the name of the Persian new year celebration which lasts twelve days.  It is celebrated in the spring and is closely related to the Spring Equinox. Historians say it has been celebrated for at least 3000 years. Today these twelve days are a joyous time of visiting family and friends but then there is the 13th day…

You see on the 13th day of the New Year, the Persian people celebrate Sizdah-bedar. Sizdah-bedar literally means getting rid of or getting past 13. It is often associated with bad luck and ill omen and is one of the earliest known examples of  triskaidekaphobia (fear of the number 13).

Today many Persian families spend the day in the countryside. It is so widely celebrated that some towns seem deserted on the day.  This tradition can be traced as far back as the 6th century BC. and it is celebrated not just in Iran but Iraq, Azerbaijan, Central Asia, and Armenia.  On this day Persians play practical jokes on each other and some claim it is the basis for our modern April Fool’s day. It is interesting to note that Sizdah-bedar is strangely absent from much of Persian history after it became part of the Muslim world in the seventh century.

Intriguingly about the same time Sizdah-bedar is first noticed historically in Persian culture, the very same day is recorded as a day of infamy in Biblical tradition.   In the book of Esther, our infamous Haman conceives a plan to destroy the Jewish people. As part of his preparations he starts casting Pur (lots) in the 1st month  of the 12th year of the Persian king Ahasuerus.(The first month = Nisan, which is the equivalent of the Persian Nowruz)

Haman continues with this ritual for 12 months. Then in the 1st month (13th month from when it began), in the 13th year of king Ahasuerus, on the 13th day of the month the king gives Haman his official blessing to destroy all the Jews in the kingdom Persia, Haman’s diabolical plan becomes law.  This evil day was Sizdah-bedar, the very same day which Persians for the last 2500 years have associated with bad luck and ill omen.

But as we all know, Haman chose the wrong group of people to mess with.  YHWH rose up a courageous young women named Esther (Hadassah) to foil Haman’s evil machinations.  It was through Esther as the Queen of Persia that a day meant for the destruction of the Jewish people instead became the means by which the Jewish people triumphed over their enemies.   For over 2500 years now the 13th,  14th, & 15th of Adar is remembered as a day of deliverance for the Jewish people in their celebration of Purim.  But now you know the rest of the story.

In closing I can’t help but think it is strangely ironic, that Sizdah-bedar, the day of getting rid of 13, was the day Haman was given permission to “get rid” of a nation of people who it could be argued consisted of 13 tribes. But it turns out the joke was on him. April fools indeed!

A couple lessons to be learned from this story:

  • Don’t let hate take hold in your life because it will destroy you.
  • And don’t make evil plans for the Jewish people, because YHWH made promises to them He intendeds to keep.

The lot is cast into the lap; but the whole disposing thereof is of YHWH. (Proverbs 16:33) 

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If you appreciated this article you might also appreciate my book The 13th Enumeration: Key to the Bible’s Messianic symbolism. Find out why the number’s 13 & 14 are woven into the Bible’s redemptive message, the sacrificial rites of the Old Testament, and the Bible’s ancient calendar. Blog subscribers can download the book for free.

Zion and a Jubilee of Jubilees

Today, many students of Bible prophecy see the return of the Jewish people to their ancestral homeland as one of the “super” signs, that our generation is living in the season of Yeshua’s return. There are some Christians today though, who believe that YHWH’s promises to the Jewish people were superseded by the Church and that the nation of Israel today is nothing more than a historical coincidence helped along by overzealous believers who take Bible prophecy too literally.

This past month I’ve had the privilege of reading two excellent books which address this subject. The first  was written by Samuel Whitefield entitled – One King: A Jesus-Centered Answer to the Question of Zion and the People of God, the second was by Thomas Ice entitled – The Case for Zionism: Why Christians Should Support Israel. Both books were well written but from slightly different perspectives.

Mr. Whitefield’s book looked at the subject from a more theological and Biblically based perspective while Mr. Ice’s looked at the subject from a Biblical and a historically legal sense. Although, the authors come at the subject from slightly different theological perspectives, their books complement each other and together make a compelling case for the nation of Israel as a fulfilment of Bible prophecy.

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Today, I want to look at the subject of Zion and restoration of Israel in terms of the Bible’s chronology and the Jubilee cycles. As you will see, Israel’s restoration to the Promised Land as an independent nation was not coincidence, but happened right on schedule according to YHWH’s redemptive plan. In fact, Israel’s return to the Promised Land took place on a very special anniversary. That anniversary was a Jubilee of Jubilees. Let me explain, but first a little Biblical history about the jubilee.

In the Old Testament, YHWH’s gave instructions to Moses by which the Jewish people were to conduct their lives. One of those instructions was the jubilee law. In part, the jubilee law instructed Israel that on the 50th year following 7 cycles of 7 years the land would revert to its original owners and the captives would go free.

And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine years.  Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubile to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land. And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubile unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family. (Leviticus 25:8-10)  

What is thrilling about the above verses is that our generations have lived to see the fulfillment of this jubilee law in the nation of Israel. To really appreciate this I need to take you back to 536 BC and the return of the Jewish people to the Promised Land after their first captivity and exile. Nearly 2500 years ago, YHWH used a secular Persian king named Cyrus to accomplish His will concerning the Jewish people and their homeland.  Take a moment to read this famous declaration of return:

Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of YHWH spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, YHWH stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying, 

Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth hath YHWH God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him an house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people? YHWH his God be with him, and let him go up.  (2 Chronicles 36:22)

The 70 years captivity mentioned in the passage above began with the first captivity of Judah as described in Daniel 1:1. This was the first of three different times that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up and took captives from Jerusalem. The third conquest of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar saw the destruction of the temple and Jerusalem and the final Judean captives taken. From those terrible events it was 49 years until Cyrus’ decree which allowed the Jewish people to return and build the temple and Jerusalem.

The following year (Cyrus’ 2nd), work began on the temple foundation marking the 50th year (a jubilee) from its destruction. Unfortunately, work on the temple didn’t get much further than the laying of the first temple foundation stones. For the next 16 years, reconstruction efforts of the temple were all but abandoned while the repatriated captives worked on their own houses. Then in the 2nd year of Darius ‘the Great’ Artaxerxes (520 BC), YHWH told the Jewish people His divine anger was over and He commanded them to return and build His house and Jerusalem.

As I described in Book II of my Prophecies and Patterns series this divine command to restore and build began the 70 Weeks countdown to the Messiah. Four years later in the 6th year of Darius, the temple was completed.

Chart from Book II – Daniel’s 70 Weeks: The Keystone of Bible Prophecy

For the next 6 centuries, the Jewish people chaffed under the successive rule of gentile kingdoms, never quite realizing any lasting autonomy as a sovereign nation. Then in 70 AD history repeated itself and the 2nd Temple and Jerusalem were once again destroyed, only this time it was the Romans and their legions who razed the temple and broke down the walls of Jerusalem.

Many believed that these events marked the end of YHWH’s dealings with the Jewish people as a covenant nation. As mentioned above many gentile Christians believed that Israel had been replaced or superseded by the church.

But something miraculous happened in the 50th jubilee cycle from Cyrus’ famous decree of return. A new secular nation decreed that the Jewish people should be allowed to return to the Promised Land once again. That nation was Great Britain. As explained by Thomas Ice, it began with evangelical premillennialists of Britain and America. I quote Mr. Ice:

“The wave of premillennialism is what produced in Britain a crop of Christian Zionists that led to political activism that culminated in the Balfour Declaration.” (The Case for Zionism: Why Christians Should Support Israel, Kindle loc. 4001)

Mr. Ice goes on to show how the influence of men like Edward Bikersteth, Lord Shaftsbury, and America’s William Blackstone laid the groundwork for Lord Balfour’s famous declaration of November 2, 1917.  Five years later, in 1922, the sentiments expressed in the Balfour Declaration were codified in the British Mandate for Palestine. This mandate was confirmed by the Council of the League of Nations on July 22 of that year and went into effect on 29th September of 1923.

Consider this for a moment. All of the events in the years between 1881 and1931 took place in a Jubilee of Jubilees from Cyrus’ famous decree allowing the Jewish people to return to the Promised Land. As I explain in my forthcoming book The Jubilee Code: Prophetic Milestones in YHWH’s Redemptive Plan, these momentous events surrounding the return of the Jewish people to their Promised Land and the subsequent declaration of national sovereignty in 1948 all happened according to an identifiable plan which clearly shows YHWH’s hand working in the affairs of mankind.

The following chart shows the chronology as described above. This chart comes from my upcoming book The Jubilee Code: Prophetic Milestones in the YHWH’s Redemptive Plan, Chapter 8 – National Israel and the Jubilee.



And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a ubilee unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family.

 …In the year of this ubilee ye shall return every man unto his possession. (Leviticus 25:10, 13)  

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But there is more to this story than the chronology above. It was no accident that Britain was the nation which was responsible for returning the Jewish people to Israel. To understand why, we need to look back in history to the origins of “Britain”.

The name Britain came from the Roman Britannia which was the Latin name for the region we know today as Great Britain and Ireland.  The Romans made London the capital of their Britannia province. Historian Mary Beard explains the influence of Rome on Great Britain in the following quote from here book SPQR:

“The layout of the roman imperial territory underlies the political geography of modern Europe and beyond. The main reason that London is the capital of the United Kingdom is that the Romans made it the capital of their province Britannia – a dangerous place lying, as they saw it, beyond the great Ocean that encircled the civilized world. Rome has bequeathed to us ideas of liberty and citizenship as much as of imperial exploitation, combined with a vocabulary of modern politics, from ‘senators’ to ‘dictators’.”  (SPQR: A History of Ancient Rome by Mary Beard p. 15)

It’s also worth noting, that Rome often designated their conquered territories with the names of goddesses. So in the centuries following conquest, Britain became synonymous with the Roman goddess Britannia. This goddess was often represented sitting on a rock or cliff surrounded by water.

The following Roman coin, a sestertius of Antoninus Pius (138-161AD), is a good example of how the Romans represented their British conquest. Notice Britannia sitting on the rock with a shield and scepter.

Over the centuries Britannia became one of the national symbols of Great Britain’s power and influence. They kept the goddess sitting on a rock surrounded by water, only instead of being represented as the conquered, the goddess Britannia became the conqueror with a trident and shield.

This Britannia from 1797 and half penny from 1936 shows the transition from Roman conquered to the British conqueror.

Images from (http://coinoftheworld.eu5.org)




Finally, take note of this 50 pound British Silver Britannia bullion coin from 2015. The obverse of the coin shows the Queen mother. The reverse depicts the Roman goddess Britannia with ancient helmet, trident, and shield standing next to the lion in front of a globe.

In any case it seems strangely appropriate that the people once responsible for destroying Jerusalem and scattering the Jewish people to the four corners of the earth, would also play an instrumental role in the formation of a new nation at the Western frontier of their empire, a nation which centuries later would nearly conquer the known world and would also be responsible for restoring the Jewish people to their ancestral homeland. This restoration as we’ve just learned coming 50 jubilees after Cyrus, one of the most celebrated secular rulers of Biblical history,  gave a Persian mandate for the same.

Now you know the rest of the story.

Finally, I leave you with a quote from William Blackstone who was one of the most ardent and influential Christian Zionists of 19th century. An American who’s book Jesus is Coming (1908) sold over a million copies. A man who saw himself as a descendant of ancient Rome.

“We believe this is an appropriate time for all nations, and especially the Christian nations of Europe, to show kindness to Israel. A million of exiles, by their terrible suffering are piteously appealing to our sympathy, justice, and humanity. Let us now restore to them the land of which they were so cruelly despoiled by our Roman ancestors.” – (William Blackstone (as quoted by Thomas Ice, The Case for Zionism, kindle loc. 4311)

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If you would like to learn more about the Biblical jubilee and how it marks important milestone is Biblical history I’d encourage you to subscribe to my blog.  When the book is released it will be made available free of charge to my blog subscribers. Subscribers can also download Books I & II of my Prophecies and Patterns series free of charge. Rest assured I will not share your email nor will I spam you with requests or advertisements. Every week or two I will share with you my love for Biblical history and Bible prophecy. I hope you’ll join the adventure!

The Congruency of the Bible’s Messianic Message

Why did the Old Testament require a specific number of sacrifices for each of the Bible’s seven holy days? What was the Messianic significance of the apostle Paul’s “middle wall of partition”? Did the apostle Matthew arrange Yeshua’s lineage to show a connection between the Bible’s calendar, the Torah’s sacrificial system, and the prophecies of a coming Messiah?

This week I will answer these questions in a new video presentation which takes you on a thrilling exploration of the Bible’s Messianic symbolism. Starting with the basics of Bible prophecy I explore the Biblical feast days, the significance of the number and order of the sacrificial system, the thrilling Messianic symbolism of Matthew 1, and our Creator’s heavenly “Rolex” – all within the context of the Spirit of Prophecy. Like never before, you’ll see the congruency of the Bible’s message of YHWH’s salvation, our Yeshua.

I hope you enjoy the adventure!

Next week I hope to have uploaded Part II in the series which will look at Daniel 9 and the prophecy of 70 sevens in a way you’ve never seen it before.

To watch Part I in my series on the Spirit of Prophecy and the Bible’s Messianic Symbolism go to my new YouTube channel here: The Spirit of Prophecy – Part I


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For those of you who are blog subscribers, stay tuned because Book III in the Prophecy and Patterns series  The Jubilee Code: Prophetic Milestone’s in the Yahweh’s Redemptive Plan is complete. Right now I’m in the editing stage and YHWH willing I’ll be releasing it soon. As always, blog subscribes will be able to download the book for free before it is released publically. 

The Spirit of Prophecy

I have a question for you. When Revelation 19:10 tells us that “the spirit of prophecy is the testimony of Jesus”, what do you think that means?  Have you ever really thought about this statement, I mean really thought about it?

Today, I’d like to give you another way to look at this statement that just might make some pieces of the Bible’s prophetic puzzle fall into place for you.

As many of you know, the name Jesus comes from the Hebrew Yeshua or Yehowshuwa. Now there is something thrilling about the name of Yeshua that really brings the statement of Revelation 19:10 into focus.

The name Yeshua is a combination of two Hebrew words. The first word is a shortened form of the proper name of the living God of the Bible, pronounced by some Yahweh or Jehovah. The second part of Yeshua’s name comes from the Hebrew word yasha which means to save, be saved, or be delivered.

The name Jesus or Yeshua then means: Yahweh Saves or the Salvation of Yahweh.

With this in mind let’s look at Revelation 19:10 once more.

And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus:

worship God: for the testimony of [Yahweh’s Salvation] Jesus is the spirit of prophecy. – Revelation 19:10  

Thrilling isn’t it. Now that you understand that the spirit of prophecy is the testimony of Yahweh’s salvation, see if you can find that spirit of prophecy in the following prophetic passage:

And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Ghost, and prophesied, saying,  Blessed be the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people,  And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David;  As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began:  That we should be saved from our enemies, and from the hand of all that hate us;  To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant;  The oath which he sware to our father Abraham,… – Luke 1:67-73

If you didn’t find the spirit of prophecy in this passage, consider this. The covenant and mercy promised to Abraham as mentioned by Zacharias above was the very first oath that YHWH swore with any man in the Bible. This oath, promised in part, that through Abraham’s seed all nations of the earth would be blessed. The apostle Paul explained the Abrahamic covenant this way:

And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel [Yeshua] unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed…

That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.  Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man’s covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.  Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made.

 He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. 

And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. – Galatians 3:8,14-17   

The Salvation of Yahweh indeed!

As you read the Bible’s prophetic texts in 2017 I hope you’ll keep the Spirit of Prophecy in mind.

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On a personal note, for those in the Albuquerque New Mexico area, I’ll be speaking at New Life Church on the 14th of January. The topic of my talk will be the Spirit of Prophecy and the Bible’s Redemptive Message as it relates to the Bible’s messianic symbolism and the prophecy of Daniel 9.  You can get more information at New Life’s website here: nlnm.org

I look forward to meeting any of you who can attend.

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If you would like to learn more about the Spirit of Prophecy as found in the Bible’s messianic symbolism and the prophecy of Daniel 9 you can read about it in my books: The 13th Enumeration: Key to the Bible’s Messianic Symbolism & Daniel’s 70 Weeks: The Keystone of Bible Prophecy. As always Blog subscribers can download the books for free. I hope you enjoy the adventure!


Christmas and the Course of Abia (Abijah)

Have you ever wondered why the birth of Yeshua (Jesus) is celebrated on December 25th? Most of us take this date for granted but what Biblical evidence is there to support it? Was is made up or is there a basis in real Bible history. Today, Continue reading

Thanksgiving 2016


From left: Noah, Hannah, Hope, Zane, Maranatha, William, Winnie

I know Thanksgiving is an American holiday and that I have readers of this blog from 193 different countries in this world, nevertheless, Winnie, myself, and the rest of our family would like to wish you all a happy Thanksgiving.

  That I may publish with the voice of thanksgiving, and tell of all thy wondrous works.
– Psalm 26:7

The Flood, the Exodus, and the Coming Messiah


Noah Offering Sacrifices

In my last blog post, Halloween: Celebrating the Destruction of Mankind, we looked at the fascinating history of Halloween and the flood of Noah. Today I want to share with you how those events are related to Israel’s exodus from Egypt, the Biblical calendar, and the promise of the coming Messiah. Continue reading

Halloween: Celebrating the Destruction of Mankind

An-Egyptian-Temple600With Halloween coming up I thought it might be helpful to provide some Biblical history about this popular celebration of death and mayhem. My hope is that the history I’m about to share will help you see the bigger picture so that you as a believer will have the courage to let the light of truth shine in this increasingly dark world.

The Spanish poet and philosopher George Santayana wisely observed, “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” Each year about this time the truth of this statement hits me just little bit more. To me, it is truly sobering to realize just how much of the past we have forgotten. Despite what we’d like to believe, human nature has not changed much over the past 6000 years.

As you all know it’s about this time of year, (it gets a little earlier each year) that we see preparations for the celebration of Halloween. Ironically, (and you will see the irony by the end of this article) Halloween is a worldwide holiday which people, regardless of age,  or religious/non-religious affiliations are being drawn to in increasing numbers. It’s a day which emphasizes darkness, horror, mayhem, and death, juxtaposed with innocent and increasingly not so innocent revelry and fun.

For those of us with a Biblical world view, each year the discussion of whether it’s okay to celebrate Halloween becomes a bit more divisive. Those of you who are regular readers of this blog know I like to look at these things in terms of the Biblical record and ancient history. So today I will share with you a bit of little known history which just might change your perspective on this increasingly popular holiday. What I’m going to share with you is the origins of Halloween and how it so scarred the consciousness of mankind that nearly every ancient civilization has a record of it. In my blog post today I take you back nearly 4500 years to the most horror filled day in the history of mankind, a day when mankind nearly vanished from the face of the earth.

Mummy600You and I know it as Halloween, All Saints Day, or the Day of the Dead, but as you are about to learn these celebrations all have a common origin in a real historical event. Today, you and I associate Halloween with ghosts, witches, wandering spirits, and lost souls. Many claim these celebrations are the result of the pagan practices of the Druids and Celts, but the truth is actually much further back in history.

Did you know that Assyria, Babylon, Egypt, Peru, Australia, India, Polynesia, Mexico, and Europe all have their own traditions concerning a destruction of mankind? Traditions do vary, but beginning in the fall, towards the end of our modern calendar month of October, many cultures of the world commemorate this event.

One of the best summaries of the subject, that I’ve ever read, was written at the turn of the century by David Davidson.1 Though, I don’t agree with all of Davidson’s conclusions, the historical references that he provides related to the great destruction of mankind are well worth considering. This is a rather lengthy quote, but worth the effort:

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Attention has been directed (in ¶15) to the fact that the 1st November dating was intentionally observed instead of the beginning of Winter, seven days later. The 1st November Pyramid phenomena defined the first day of the fixed agricultural year of the Ancient Egyptians. It is with respect to this fixed 1st November year that the early Egyptian Calendar year was intercalated at the end of every five or six years. Hence the festival of the true beginning of the New Year was observed in Egypt at intervals of this duration as early as the time of Dynasties I and II.3

At the time of Dynasty XII, the celebration of the New Year festival took the form of lighting lamps for the dead on the last day of the old year and the first day of the New Year.4 As Dr. Frazer has pointed out, this proves that the New Year’s Festival at this time was the ancient Festival of the Dead—the modern All Souls’, or All Saints’ (1st – 2nd November).5

“The custom,” he remarks,6 “was observed throughout the whole of Egypt,” and is referred to by Herodotus (II, 62), as prevailing in the 5th Century B.C.” “On All Saints’ Day, the 1st of November,” Frazer continues, “ the shops and streets in the Abruzzi are filled with candles, which people buy in order to kindle them in the evening on the graves of their relations : For all the dead come to visit their homes on that night, the Eve of All Souls’, and they need lights to show them the way.”

Similarly, he states, “The Miztecs of Mexico believed that the souls of the dead came back in the twelfth month of every year, which corresponded with our November. On this day of All Souls the houses were decked out to welcome the Spirits.8

Frazer suggests that “The nominally Christian feast of All Souls’ on November 2nd, appears to be an old Celtic festival of the Dead, adopted by the Church in 998 A.D.” “The Celts and the Teutons appear to have dated the beginning of their year from the beginning of Winter, the Celts reckoning it from the 1st of November and the Teutons from the 1st of October. “ The feast of All Saints’ on November 1st, seems also to have displaced a heathen festival of the dead.”9

In the dual aspect of Osiris as corn or vegetation-god and god of the dead, the rites of Osiris embodied in one celebration, at the commencement of the November Vegetation Year, the rites of the agricultural deity and the rites of primitive ancestor-worship. In the sowing of the grain in November was seen the symbolic burial of the god ; in its growth, his renewal of life ; his resurrec­tion ; and, in harvest, the death and sacrifice of the god.10 Thus Dr. Frazer states :11

“ Under the names of Osiris, Tammuz, Adonis, and Attis, the peoples of Egypt and Western Asia represented the yearly decay and revival of life, especially of vegetable life, which they personified as a god who annually died and rose again from the dead.”

The rites of Osiris in ancient Egypt were annually celebrated on the day of the Festival of the Dead, November 1st. Owing to the fact that the noon reflections of the Great Pyramid defined the day of the celebrations, Osiris, in later Egyptian times, was associated with the Pyramid. Hence the fact that Isis, the female counterpart of Osiris, was designated in later times, “ the queen of the Pyramid,” and the “ mistress of the commencement of the year.” When the November year was discarded for the Sothic or Sirius Year, Isis followed the alteration of the year’s beginning, and was identified with the star Sothis or Sirius. The original November year beginning aspect of the goddess was Hathor, later absorbed by Isis.

The accounts of Herodotus that Cheops (or Khuphu), the builder of the Great Pyramid, closed the Egyptian temples of the gods, and forbade sacrifice to the gods, and of the Egyptian priest, Manetho, that the same king “was arrogant towards the gods,” have been confirmed by Professor Petrie’s excava­tions at Abydos.12 Furthermore, the simplicity of the Great Pyramid, and of other works belonging to the same reign, the utter lack of internal or external ornament and inscription, removes the Pyramid entirely from the particular kind of religious atmosphere associated generally with every form of Egyptian architecture.

It seems clearly obvious, then, that the First of November phenomena of the Great Pyramid had not been devised to ensure the celebration of the rites of ancestor-worship, or the rites of Osiris, on this particular day. The tradi­tions concerning the festival, however, indicate that it was considered to be the anniversary of an historical event, rather than of an event belonging to the astronomical or vegetational phenomena of the year. This again, is confirmed by the Pyramid indicating this date rather than the true beginning of winter.

As to the origin of the traditions concerning the festival of the dead, Haliburton13 states as follows :— In Mexico “ the festival of the dead was held on the 17th of November, and was regulated by the Pleiade. They had a tradition that, at that time, the world had been previously destroyed, and they dreaded that a similar catastrophe at the end of a cycle would annihilate the race.”

The 17th of November14 occurs also as an alternative dating of certain cults in Egypt during Dynasties XII and XIX, in Ptolemaic Egypt, and at the time of Plutarch. It occurs in Ancient Rome as an alternative date to 1st November. According to Plutarch, the alternative dating, on the fixed Alexandrian (Julian) Calendar of his time, fell on the 17th day of the Egyptian month Athyr (Hathor).15 In the XIIth Dynasty, the same alternative dating would be the 17th day of Month I, Season of Sowing,—the 1st month of the fixed 1st Novem­ber year.

Reference to the Egyptian form of the traditional destruction of the world appears in the early Xth Dynasty Papyrus, Petersburg III6A,16 as “The Destruction of Mankind.” The Xth Dynasty Papyrus states: “ God made heaven and earth (refer Gen. I, i) at their desire. He checked the greed of the waters (refer Gen. I, 6-10) and made the air to give life to their nostrils (i.e., by the removal of super-saturation from the atmosphere effected by process of Gen. I, 6 and 7. For previous conditions refer Gen. II, 5 and 6). They are His own images (refer Gen. I, 26, 27) proceeding from His flesh He slew His enemies and destroyed His own children because of their plots in making rebellion.” (Refer Gen. VI, 5-7, 11-13, for causes.)

The later form of the narrative, appearing in the tomb of Seti I of Dynasty XIX,17 associates Hathor with the “Destruction of Mankind,” which would account for the 17th day of the Egyptian month Hathor (the Athyr of Plutarch’s account) being identified, in later times, with the Festival of the Dead.

” Outstanding features of the XIXth Dynasty story of the “Destruction of Mankind “ fix that narrative as the Egyptian rendering of the narrative of the Noachian flood in Genesis, and of the ancient Mexican tradition of the destruc­tion of the world, referred to by Haliburton. Commemoration of the latter, as quoted, “ was regulated by the Pleiades.”

Confirming the connection between the various forms of the narrative, Haliburton observes that the celebration of the festival of the dead by the Australian aborigines was held in November, when the constellation of the Pleiades is most distinct, and was specifically worshipped as “ the giver of rain.”18 He says again that “ The month of November was formerly called in Persia ‘ The Month of the angel of death.’ “19

In the Egyptian XIXth Dynasty form of the tradition this “ angel of death “ appears as Hathor. Hat-hor, as Sir Ernest Budge shows,20 was origin­ally ‘ Het-Heru,’ “ The House of Horus,” “ one special part of the great watery mass of heaven,” and was therefore a special part of “ the waters above the firmament,” of Genesis I, 9, and probably, therefore, the Deluge “ floodgates of heaven “ of Genesis VII, II. The latter should more clearly be rendered “ a finely spread restraining influence or natural law (attenuated lattice-work is the restricted application) upholding the waters above the firmament,” This suffi­ciently accounts for the 17th of the month Athyr (Hathor) being celebrated as the day of the festival of the dead in the Alexandrian Calendar period. For in the narrative of Genesis the Noachian deluge is given as beginning on the 17th day of the second month of the Calendar year of Genesis. As to the association between Hathor and the ancient November constel­lation of Pleiades, the modern popular name—”the seven sisters”—of the latter constellation had its counterpart in Ancient Egypt as “ the Seven Hathors.”

The XlXth Dynasty narrative of the Destruction of Mankind states that “Ra ordered in the midst of the night21 to pour out the water of the vessels, and the fields were entirely covered with water and there came the goddess (Hathor) at the morning, and she found the fields covered with water, and she was pleased with it and she drank to her satisfaction, and she went away satisfied, and she saw no men…..”

Then Ra ordered “ that libations be made to her at every festival of the New Year.” The narrative defines this as the “ festival of Hathor.” Obviously it was originally New Year’s Day, which in early Egypt fell on 1st November.

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Halloween Commemorates the Deluge
Fascinating history, isn’t it? What the above quote shows is that we have historical records that confirm the Flood account as given in Genesis:

Noah's-Ark-smallIn the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. (Genesis 7:11)

Keep in mind that the Biblical calendar of Noah’s day began in the fall. That means the 17th day of the second month would have been the late October early November time frame. It was not until the events of the Exodus that YHWH commanded Israel to begin their calendar relative to the agricultural month of Abib which falls in the spring. As we will see in Part II of this article, YHWH’s command to fix the Israelites’ religious calendar to the month of Abib has some wonderful Messianic implications.

So then, we have historical records which indicate that Halloween, All Saints Day, and the Day of the Dead commemorate the Biblical history of the Deluge, once again proving the Bible is more than a collection of ancient fairy tales as some modern scholars would have you believe.

I started this essay with a quote from George Santayana who said, “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” The Bible tells us that at the time of the Messiah’s return mankind will have forgotten or no longer care about the past.

And as it was in the days of Noe [Noah], so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man. They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all. (Luke 17:26-27)

My hope, in sharing this bit of history with you, is that this year on Halloween you’ll remember the past so you aren’t condemned to repeat it. Remember that this day marked the judgment of a righteous God on a sinful world and the greatest loss of human life in the history of mankind. Also, remember the Bible tells us that when the Messiah returns it will be like it was in the days of Noah.

Will we be like Noah and his family who heeded the warning and was protected from YHWH’s righteous judgment? Or will we be like those outside the ark who were blinded by their own sin and didn’t see the judgment coming until it was too late?

And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed. The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying. But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof. (Romans 13:11-14 )

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The Flood and the Coming Messiah
But there is more to the story. We’ve only touched upon one aspect of the Biblical history of these events. In Part II – The Flood, the Exodus, and the Coming Messiah we will look at the deeper implications of the Flood event and the Biblical calendar as it relates to the coming of the Messiah. Join me next time as we explore the context of Israel, Egypt, the Biblical calendar and the greatest Messianic prophecy in the Bible.

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If you appreciate these types of articles and would like to learn more about Biblical history,  I encourage you subscribe to my blog: Where History and the Bible Meet. Subscribers can download all of my books in the Prophecies & Patterns series free of charge directly from this site. Rest assured I won’t spam you with endless requests or share your email with anyone. Every week or two I’ll just share with you my love of Biblical history and Bible prophecy. I hope you’ll join the adventure!









1The Great Pyramid: It’s Divine Message, (Pyramid Records) D. Davidson and C. Aldersmith 1924, pp. 23-26
2Detailed explanations are given in descriptions of Plates IX, X, and XI.
3For the data concerning this refer Section II, ^ 56.
4Breasted, “ Ancient Records,” I, pp. 260-271.
5Frazer, “Adonis, Osiris, Attis,” pp. 241-242.
6” Adonis, Osiris, Attis,” pp. 241-2.
7Ibid., pp. 241-2.
8Ibid.,-pp. 244-8.
9Ibid., pp. 254-5.
10A. Moret, “ Kings and Gods of Egypt,” pp. 69-108, 148-198.
11” Adonis, Osiris, Attis,” p.5 Both are standard works on this subject.
12Abydos II, pp. to, 30, 48.
13In Prof. C. P. Smyth’s “ Life and Work at the Great Pyramid,” Vol. II, p. 390.
14“Refer Section II, H 55.
15“Plutarch, De Iside et Osiride, Vol. FI, p. 336.
16Translation by Dr. Alen H. Gardiner, “ Journal of Egyptian Archaeology,1’ Vol. I, p. 34.
17Translation by Dr. Ed. Naville, “Records of the Past,” 1st series. Vol. VI, pp. 105-112
18Haliburton in Smyth’s “ Life and Work at the Great Pyramid,” Vol. II, pp. 384-386.
19lbid., p. 390.
20”Gods of the Egyptians,” Vol. I, pp. 428-429.
21ll Hallow’s Eve or Hallowe’en ?

Sovereign For a Day

futteh-ali-shah-king-of-peIf you were the sovereign of this world for a day and you had a message for a generation 2500 years in the future, a message so important that their very lives depended upon it, how would you go about ensuring that they got the message?

  • Would you give this message yourself?
  • would the message have credible witnesses to support its authenticity?
  • Would the message have a clear date time stamp which could be historically verified?

I think most of us would agree, that at a minimum, the answers would be yes to the above three questions.

Now let’s take these questions one step further. If YHWH, the sovereign of this world, wanted to ensure that a future generation would know and understand, 2500 years in the future, the date He would send His son to redeem mankind, would He Continue reading

Prophecy Hour Radio Program

This past Thursday Pastor Dan Catlin graciously invited me to talk about my books on his Prophecy Hour radio program. We talked about messianic symbolism of the 13th Enumeration as well as the redemptive message of Daniel 9 and the Prophecy of 70 Weeks.

Here is the link for those who might be interested. Prophecy Hour Radio

I haven’t done many radio interviews but I enjoyed talking with Pastor Dan. If you appreciate the program please take a moment to share.

Next week, YHWH willing, I’ll finish our look at Daniel 9 and the “Commandment to restore and build Jerusalem” by sharing the one “commandant” most often overlooked when discussing this wonderful prophecy.  Pastor Dan and I briefly discussed the subject during his radio program.

I hope you enjoy the adventure!


Who was Sir Robert Anderson’s “Artaxerxes”?

ezraTo this day one of the most important, yet least understood aspects of Bible prophecy is the history of Ezra, Nehemiah and  their contemporary, the great Persian king “Artaxerxes”. Even less understood is how this history has shaped Continue reading

Who is the Artaxerxes in Your Prophecy?

belshazzrs-vision-westIf there is one bit of Biblical history that reaches across the ages to touch the lives of you and me, (besides the death and resurrection of Yeshua) the reign of the Biblical “Artaxerxes” in the book of Ezra would be at the top of the list.  You see, in the 2nd temple era the Bible records that a Persian king “Artaxerxes” gave two different decrees which helped the Jewish people build the temple and the city of Jerusalem. Today the majority of Biblical scholars hold that this king was the Persian Longimanus who ruled from 464-424 BC.

The reason this is important to you an me is because it is from the reign of this king that most scholars date the start of Daniel 9 and the 70 Weeks countdown to the Messiah. This date then becomes an important pillar in how we understand the future 7 year tribulation, the rapture, the Antichrist and the second coming of Yeshua. Pretty influential date isn’t it? Continue reading